If yes, then you’d know firsthand that this disease is serious. It only proves to show that we are human. The medical community considers it to be a “medical emergency”, and for good reason too.
Also called “lockjaw”, which is just as frightening enough to imagine, it’s in modern times that medicine has been able to find a vaccine for this scary condition.
However, there’s a condition – one must take a tetanus vaccine shot every 10 years in order to stay completely safe from getting this condition.
Speaking of safety, an introduction to this disease bodes well and which can help us prevent a lot of trouble by staying away from the source of this condition.
Tetanus Symptoms and Side Effects – What You Need to Know
Caused by clostridium tetani, this condition affects the nervous system and which occurs primarily because of a wound not being treated properly. However, it is not every wound that you get that can lead to tetanus. Those that cause tetanus are insect bites, wooden splinters and rusty nails.
This bacteria is usually present in the soil around us, remaining infectious for almost 40 years, and which is why one should always keep their feet covered as much as possible when walking around and especially so, if you have a deep wound on your feet.
Where tetanus tends to multiply is in the presence of “dead tissue” and as the infection progresses, muscle spasms begin to make their presence felt, especially in the jaw as well as in other parts of the body too. At its worst, the muscles that control breathing cannot function and it can prove to be fatal.
Other tetanus symptoms and side effects include: inability to swallow, fever, excessive sweating, drooling, uncontrolled urination or defecation as well as irritability.
One thing about this condition that you must keep in mind is that 30% of tetanus patients tend to succumb to the infection and which is why immunization is imperative in order to prevent the condition in the first place.
That said, and if we can’t prevent the condition, let’s look at the modes of treatment of tetanus.
Tetanus – Modes of Treatment
When tetanus is at its most severe, here are 4 approaches to treat this condition:
#1: Medication such as metronidazole is given to the patient
#2: Bedrest is mandatory in a nonstimulating environment
#3: Tetanus immune globulin is administered to patients so as to reverse the neurotoxin’s effects
#4: Continuous IV infusion of diazepam to relax muscles
#5: Sedatives are also given so for the patient to rest
#6: Surgery is conducted to clean the wound and remove the neurotoxin
#7: If necessary, and in extreme cases, breathing support with oxygen is provided
Maintaining an airway for the patient to breathe as well as a nutritious, high-protein diet amounting to almost 3000-4000 calories is imperative for the patient to recover properly from tetanus.
Are there any other tetanus symptoms and side effects that you would like to add? If so, feel free to share your thoughts in the comments section below.
Also, here is an article that should introduce you to the inflammation process.